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AGENCY Texas Commission on Environmental Quality
ISSUE 03/10/2006
ACTION Miscellaneous

Notice of Intent to Perform a Removal Action at the PolyCycle Industries, Inc., State Superfund Site, Jacksonville, Cherokee County, Texas

The executive director of the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) issues this public notice of intent to perform a removal action, as provided by Texas Health and Safety Code (THSC), §361.133, for the PolyCycle Industries (PCI), Jacksonville, state Superfund site (the site). The site, including all land, structures, appurtenances, and other improvements, is approximately 7.006 acres located at 2505 South Jackson Street, Jacksonville, Cherokee County, Texas. The site also includes any areas where hazardous substances have come to be located as a result, either directly or indirectly, of releases of hazardous substances from the site.

PCI conducted a lead battery recycling operation at the site from 1978 to 1983. The facility recycled lead from lead acid batteries and cases. The sulfuric acid was drained from the batteries, and the lead plates were removed. The sulfuric acid was sent to a hazardous waste disposal firm, and the lead plates were sold to a lead smelter. The battery cases were ground and washed in four unlined surface impoundments to remove the lead and lead sulfate. The chips were skimmed from the surfaces of the impoundments and sold to plastic recyclers. The lead and lead sulfate sediments on the bottoms of the impoundments were sold to a lead smelter.

In 1983, the Texas Department of Health (TDH) found concentrations of lead over 100,000 milligram per kilogram (mg/kg) in the soil and issued a compliance order requiring PCI to remove all soil with lead concentrations greater than 1,000 mg/kg. PCI removed contaminated soil from the Jacksonville location to the PCI Tecula location. The TDH conducted post-removal sampling in 1984 and accepted clean closure of the Jacksonville site, based on the lead concentrations in soil. PCI then sold the site to Texas Farm Products, Inc. (TFPI). TFPI removed all remaining PolyCycle structures and built the "Lone Star Feed Store." In 1999, TFPI sold 1.86 acres to Dement Chiropractic Fitness Center, which built an outdoor swimming pool and a volleyball court just north of the feed store.

In March 1991, the Field Investigation Team of the United States Environmental Protection Agency, Region 6, conducted a site screening investigation at the site to verify the effectiveness of the removal action performed by PCI. On-site lead concentrations were between 100 - 400 mg/kg, except for two samples. One sample had a lead concentration of 3,780 mg/kg and the other had 43,500 mg/kg.

In February 2000, the analytical results from the soil samples collected by TCEQ showed the lead concentrations ranging from 3,100 to 4,800 mg/kg. Chips of battery casings were visible in the roadside ditch in front of the feed store. A Hazard Ranking System (HRS) evaluation was conducted by the TCEQ, and an HRS score of 6.09 was assigned to the site. At a public meeting conducted on January 15, 2004, at the Jacksonville Public Library, TCEQ proposed to clean up the site to a commercial/industrial level; and the site was proposed for listing to the state Superfund registry in the December 5, 2003 issue of the Texas Register (28 TexReg 11012) under THSC, Chapter 361, Subchapter F.

The TCEQ conducted a remedial investigation during which soil and groundwater samples were analyzed. Soil lead concentrations were found to be above the health-based protective concentration level (PCL) at two locations north of the feed store and one location northeast of Dement Chiropractic Fitness Center. Eleven monitor wells were installed to collect groundwater samples. A groundwater sample collected from the monitoring well (MW-3), located to the west of the feed store near a ditch (location of a former railroad track), showed concentrations of beryllium above the PCL of 0.004 milligram per liter. Additionally, groundwater samples from two other wells installed at the former unlined impoundments showed the presence of beryllium, but at concentrations below the PCL. Soil samples collected at these former impoundment locations also showed the presence of beryllium.

To prevent migration of the contaminants, especially the beryllium in groundwater, the TCEQ has determined that a removal action is appropriate at the site. This removal action will achieve significant cost savings for the site. The TCEQ plans to remove the lead-contaminated soil that is above PCLs from the two locations north of the feed store and the one location northeast of Dement Chiropractic Fitness Center. Additionally, the contaminated soil surrounding monitor well MW-3 will also be excavated and removed from the site. All excavated soil will be disposed of at an approved off-site facility. The excavated areas will be sampled to confirm the removal of contamination and will be backfilled with clean soil. After the completion of the removal action, all the monitor wells will be plugged and abandoned.

A portion of the records for this site is available for review during regular business hours at the Jacksonville Public Library, 502 South Jackson Street, Jacksonville, Texas. The copies of the complete public record file may be obtained during business hours at the commission's Records Management Center, Building E, First Floor, Records Customer Service, MC 199, 12100 Park 35 Circle, Austin, Texas 78753, (800) 633-9363 or (512) 239-2920. Photocopying of file information is subject to payment of a fee. Parking for persons with disabilities is available on the east side of Building D, convenient to an access ramp that is between Buildings D and E.

For further information, please contact Mr. Subhash C. Pal, P.E., TCEQ Project Manager, Remediation Division, at (512) 239-4513, or Mr. Bruce McAnally, TCEQ Community Relations Coordinator at (512) 239-2141.


Stephanie Bergeron Perdue

Acting Deputy Director, Office of Legal Services

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality

Filed: February 28, 2006

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