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TITLE 22EXAMINING BOARDS
PART 5STATE BOARD OF DENTAL EXAMINERS
CHAPTER 110SEDATION AND ANESTHESIA
RULE §110.4Minimal Sedation

(a) Education and Professional Requirements. A dentist applying for a Level 1 Minimal Sedation permit shall meet one of the following educational/professional criteria:

  (1) satisfactory completion of training to the level of competency in minimal sedation consistent with that prescribed in the American Dental Association (ADA) Guidelines for Teaching Pain Control and Sedation to Dentists and Dental Students, or a comprehensive training program in minimal sedation that satisfies the requirements described in the ADA Guidelines for Teaching Pain Control and Sedation to Dentists and Dental Students. This includes a minimum of sixteen (16) hours of didactic training and instruction in which competency in enteral and/or combined inhalation-enteral minimal sedation technique is demonstrated; or

  (2) satisfactory completion of an advanced education program accredited by the ADA Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) that affords comprehensive training necessary to administer and manage minimal sedation, commensurate with the ADA's Guidelines for Teaching Pain Control and Sedation to Dentists and Dental Students; or

  (3) is a Texas licensed dentist, has a current Board-issued enteral permit, and has been using minimal sedation in a competent manner immediately prior to the implementation of this chapter on June 1, 2011. Any Texas licensed dentist who was issued an enteral sedation permit before June 1, 2011 and whose enteral sedation permit was active on June 1, 2011 shall automatically have the permit reclassified as a Level 1 Minimal Sedation permit on June 1, 2011. A Texas licensed dentist whose permit is reclassified from an enteral sedation permit to a Level 1 Minimal Sedation permit on June 1, 2011 may continue to administer enteral sedation until January 1, 2013. On or before January 1, 2013, the dentist shall either provide proof that adequate education has been obtained by submitting an application for a Level 2 permit on or before that date, or shall comply with the requirements of a Level 1 permit after that date. A dentist shall always follow the standard of care and clinical requirements for the level of sedation he or she is performing.

(b) Standard of Care Requirements. A dentist performing minimal sedation shall maintain the minimum standard of care for anesthesia, and in addition shall:

  (1) adhere to the clinical requirements as detailed in this section;

  (2) maintain under continuous direct supervision auxiliary personnel who shall be capable of reasonably assisting in procedures, problems, and emergencies incident to the use of minimal sedation;

  (3) maintain current certification in Basic Life Support (BLS) for Healthcare Providers for the assistant staff by having them pass a course that includes a written examination and a hands-on demonstration of skills; and

  (4) not supervise a Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) performing a minimal sedation procedure unless the dentist holds a permit issued by the Board for the sedation procedure being performed.

(c) Clinical Requirements. A dentist must meet the following clinical requirements for utilization of minimal sedation:

  (1) Patient Evaluation. Patients considered for minimal sedation must be suitably evaluated prior to the start of any sedative procedure. In healthy or medically stable individuals (ASA I, II), this may consist of a review of their current medical history and medication use. However, patients with significant medical considerations (ASA III, IV) may require consultation with their primary care physician or consulting medical specialist.

  (2) Pre-Procedure Preparation and Informed Consent.

    (A) The patient, parent, guardian, or care-giver must be advised regarding the procedure associated with the delivery of any sedative agents and must provide written, informed consent for the proposed sedation.

    (B) The dentist shall determine that an adequate oxygen supply is available and evaluate equipment for proper operation and delivery of adequate oxygen under positive pressure.

    (C) Baseline vital signs must be obtained in accordance with §108.7 and §108.8 of this title.

    (D) A focused physical evaluation must be performed as deemed appropriate.

    (E) Pre-procedure dietary restrictions must be considered based on the sedative technique prescribed.

    (F) Pre-procedure verbal and written instructions must be given to the patient, parent, escort, guardian, or care-giver.

  (3) Personnel and Equipment Requirements.

    (A) In addition to the dentist, at least one additional person trained in Basic Life Support (BLS) for Healthcare Providers must be present.

    (B) A positive-pressure oxygen delivery system suitable for the patient being treated must be immediately available.

    (C) When inhalation equipment is used, it must have a fail-safe system that is appropriately checked and calibrated. The equipment must also have either:

      (i) a functioning device that prohibits the delivery of less than 30% oxygen; or

      (ii) an appropriately calibrated and functioning in-line oxygen analyzer with audible alarm.

    (D) An appropriate scavenging system must be available if gases other than oxygen or air are used.

  (4) Monitoring. The dentist administering the sedation must remain in the operatory room to monitor the patient until the patient meets the criteria for discharge to the recovery area. Once the patient meets the criteria for discharge to the recovery area, the dentist may delegate monitoring to a qualified dental auxiliary. Monitoring during the administration of sedation must include:

    (A) Oxygenation.

      (i) Color of mucosa, skin, or blood must be evaluated continually.

      (ii) Oxygen saturation monitoring by pulse-oximetry should be used when a single drug minimal sedative is used. The additional use of nitrous oxide has a greater potential to increase the patient's level of sedation to moderate sedation, and a pulse oximeter must be used.

    (B) Ventilation. The dentist (or appropriately qualified individual) must observe chest excursions and must verify respirations continually.

    (C) Circulation. Blood pressure and heart rate should be evaluated preprocedurally, post-procedurally and intra-procedurally as necessary.

  (5) Documentation.

    (A) Documentation must be made in accordance with §108.7 and §108.8 of this title and must include the names and dosages of all drugs administered and the names of individuals present during administration of the drugs.

    (B) A time-oriented sedation record may be considered for documentation of all monitoring parameters.

    (C) Pulse oximetry, heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure are the parameters which may be documented at appropriate intervals of no more than 10 minutes.

  (6) Recovery and Discharge.

    (A) Oxygen and suction equipment must be immediately available in the recovery area if a separate recovery area is utilized.

    (B) The qualified dentist must monitor the patient during recovery until the patient is ready for discharge by the dentist. The dentist may delegate this task to an appropriately qualified dental auxiliary.

    (C) The dentist must determine and document that the patient's level of consciousness, oxygenation, ventilation, and circulation are satisfactory prior to discharge. The dentist shall not leave the facility until the patient meets the criteria for discharge and is discharged from the facility.

    (D) Post-procedure verbal and written instructions must be given to the patient, parent, escort, guardian, or care-giver. Post-procedure, patients should be accompanied by an adult caregiver for an appropriate period of recovery.

  (7) Emergency Management. Because sedation is a continuum, it is not always possible to predict how an individual patient will respond. If a patient enters a deeper level of sedation than the dentist is qualified to provide, the dentist must stop the dental procedure until the patient returns to the intended level of sedation. The dentist is responsible for the sedative management, adequacy of the facility and staff, diagnosis and treatment of emergencies related to the administration of minimal sedation, and providing the equipment and protocols for patient rescue. A dentist must be able to rescue patients who enter a deeper state of sedation than intended.

  (8) Management of Children. For children twelve (12) years of age and under, the dentist should observe the American Academy of Pediatrics/American Academy of Pediatric Dentists Guidelines for Monitoring and Management of Pediatric Patients During and After Sedation for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures.

(d) A dentist who holds a minimal sedation permit shall not intentionally administer moderate sedation, deep sedation, or general anesthesia.


Source Note: The provisions of this §110.4 adopted to be effective May 10, 2011, 36 TexReg 2833

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