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TITLE 22EXAMINING BOARDS
PART 9TEXAS MEDICAL BOARD
CHAPTER 190DISCIPLINARY GUIDELINES
SUBCHAPTER BVIOLATION GUIDELINES
RULE §190.8Violation Guidelines

When substantiated by credible evidence, the following acts, practices, and conduct are considered to be violations of the Act. The following shall not be considered an exhaustive or exclusive listing.

  (1) Practice Inconsistent with Public Health and Welfare. Failure to practice in an acceptable professional manner consistent with public health and welfare within the meaning of the Act includes, but is not limited to:

    (A) failure to treat a patient according to the generally accepted standard of care;

    (B) negligence in performing medical services;

    (C) failure to use proper diligence in one's professional practice;

    (D) failure to safeguard against potential complications;

    (E) improper utilization review;

    (F) failure to timely respond in person when on-call or when requested by emergency room or hospital staff;

    (G) failure to disclose reasonably foreseeable side effects of a procedure or treatment;

    (H) failure to disclose reasonable alternative treatments to a proposed procedure or treatment;

    (I) failure to obtain informed consent from the patient or other person authorized by law to consent to treatment on the patient's behalf before performing tests, treatments, procedures, or autopsies as required under Chapter 49 of the Code of Criminal Procedure;

    (J) termination of patient care without providing reasonable notice to the patient;

    (K) prescription or administration of a drug in a manner that is not in compliance with Chapter 200 of this title (relating to Standards for Physicians Practicing Complementary and Alternative Medicine) or, that is either not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in human beings or does not meet standards for off-label use, unless an exemption has otherwise been obtained from the FDA;

    (L) prescription of any dangerous drug or controlled substance without first establishing a proper professional relationship with the patient.

      (i) A proper relationship, at a minimum requires:

        (I) establishing that the person requesting the medication is in fact who the person claims to be;

        (II) establishing a diagnosis through the use of acceptable medical practices such as patient history, mental status examination, physical examination, and appropriate diagnostic and laboratory testing. An online or telephonic evaluation by questionnaire is inadequate;

        (III) discussing with the patient the diagnosis and the evidence for it, the risks and benefits of various treatment options; and

        (IV) ensuring the availability of the licensee or coverage of the patient for appropriate follow-up care.

      (ii) A proper professional relationship is also considered to exist between a patient certified as having a terminal illness and who is enrolled in a hospice program, or another similar formal program which meets the requirements of subclauses (I) through (IV) of this clause, and the physician supporting the program. To have a terminal condition for the purposes of this rule, the patient must be certified as having a terminal illness under the requirements of 40 TAC §97.403 (relating to Standards Specific to Agencies Licensed to Provide Hospice Service) and 42 CFR 418.22.

      (iii) Notwithstanding the provisions of this subparagraph, establishing a professional relationship is not required for:

        (I) a physician to prescribe medications for sexually transmitted diseases for partners of the physician's established patient, if the physician determines that the patient may have been infected with a sexually transmitted disease; or

        (II) a physician to prescribe dangerous drugs and/or vaccines for a patient's close contacts if the physician diagnoses the patient with one or more of the following infectious diseases listed in items (-a-) - (-g-) of this subclause. For the purpose of this clause, a "close contact" is defined as: any person who provided care for the patient while the patient was symptomatic; or a member of the patient's household. The physician must document the treatment provided to the patient's close contact(s) in the patient's medical record. Such documentation at a minimum must include the close contact's name, drug prescribed, and the date that the prescription was provided.

          (-a-) Chicken Pox;

          (-b-) Influenza;

          (-c-) Invasive Haemophilus influenzae Type B;

          (-d-) Meningococal disease;

          (-e-) Pertussis;

          (-f-) Scabies; or

          (-g-) Shingles.

    (M) inappropriate prescription of dangerous drugs or controlled substances to oneself, family members, or others in which there is a close personal relationship that would include the following:

      (i) prescribing or administering dangerous drugs or controlled substances without taking an adequate history, performing a proper physical examination, and creating and maintaining adequate records; and

      (ii) prescribing controlled substances in the absence of immediate need. "Immediate need" shall be considered no more than 72 hours.

    (N) providing on-call back-up by a person who is not licensed to practice medicine in this state or who does not have adequate training and experience.

    (O) delegating the performance of nerve conduction studies to a person who is not licensed as a physician or physical therapist without:

      (i) first selecting the appropriate nerve conductions to be performed;

      (ii) ensuring that the person performing the study is adequately trained;

      (iii) being onsite during the performance of the study; and

      (iv) being immediately available to provide the person with assistance and direction.

  (2) Unprofessional and Dishonorable Conduct. Unprofessional and dishonorable conduct that is likely to deceive, defraud, or injure the public within the meaning of the Act includes, but is not limited to:

    (A) violating a board order;

    (B) failing to comply with a board subpoena or request for information or action;

    (C) providing false information to the board;

    (D) failing to cooperate with board staff;

    (E) engaging in sexual contact with a patient;

    (F) engaging in sexually inappropriate behavior or comments directed towards a patient;

    (G) becoming financially or personally involved with a patient in an inappropriate manner;

    (H) referring a patient to a facility, laboratory, or pharmacy without disclosing the existence of the licensee's ownership interest in the entity to the patient;

    (I) using false, misleading, or deceptive advertising;

    (J) providing medically unnecessary services to a patient or submitting a billing statement to a patient or a third party payer that the licensee knew or should have known was improper. "Improper" means the billing statement is false, fraudulent, misrepresents services provided, or otherwise does not meet professional standards;

    (K) behaving in an abusive or assaultive manner towards a patient or the patient's family or representatives that interferes with patient care or could be reasonably expected to adversely impact the quality of care rendered to a patient;

    (L) failing to timely respond to communications from a patient;

    (M) failing to complete the required amounts of CME;

    (N) failing to maintain the confidentiality of a patient;

    (O) failing to report suspected abuse of a patient by a third party, when the report of that abuse is required by law;

    (P) behaving in a disruptive manner toward licensees, hospital personnel, other medical personnel, patients, family members or others that interferes with patient care or could be reasonably expected to adversely impact the quality of care rendered to a patient;

    (Q) entering into any agreement whereby a licensee, peer review committee, hospital, medical staff, or medical society is restricted in providing information to the board; and

    (R) commission of the following violations of federal and state laws whether or not there is a complaint, indictment, or conviction:

      (i) any felony;

      (ii) any offense in which assault or battery, or the attempt of either is an essential element;

      (iii) any criminal violation of the Medical Practice Act or other statutes regulating or pertaining to the practice of medicine;

      (iv) any criminal violation of statutes regulating other professions in the healing arts that the licensee is licensed in;

      (v) any misdemeanor involving moral turpitude as defined by paragraph (6) of this section;

      (vi) bribery or corrupt influence;

      (vii) burglary;

      (viii) child molestation;

      (ix) kidnapping or false imprisonment;

      (x) obstruction of governmental operations;

      (xi) public indecency; and

      (xii) substance abuse or substance diversion.

    (S) contacting or attempting to contact a complainant, witness, medical peer review committee member, or professional review body as defined under §160.001 of the Act regarding statements used in an active investigation by the board for purposes of intimidation. It is not a violation for a licensee under investigation to have contact with a complainant, witness, medical peer review committee member, or professional review body if the contact is in the normal course of business and unrelated to the investigation.

    (T) failing to timely submit complete forms for purposes of registration as set out in §166.1 of this title (relating to Physician Registration) when it is the intent of the licensee to maintain licensure with the board as indicated through submission of an application and fees prior to one year after a permit expires.

  (3) Disciplinary actions by another state board. A voluntary surrender of a license in lieu of disciplinary action or while an investigation or disciplinary action is pending constitutes disciplinary action within the meaning of the Act. The voluntary surrender shall be considered to be based on acts that are alleged in a complaint or stated in the order of voluntary surrender, whether or not the licensee has denied the facts involved.

  (4) Disciplinary actions by peer groups. A voluntary relinquishment of privileges or a failure to renew privileges with a hospital, medical staff, or medical association or society while investigation or a disciplinary action is pending or is on appeal constitutes disciplinary action that is appropriate and reasonably supported by evidence submitted to the board, within the meaning of §164.051(a)(7) the Act.

  (5) Repeated or recurring meritorious health care liability claims. It shall be presumed that a claim is "meritorious," within the meaning of §164.051(a)(8) of the Act, if there is a finding by a judge or jury that a licensee was negligent in the care of a patient or if there is a settlement of a claim without the filing of a lawsuit or a settlement of a lawsuit against the licensee in the amount of $50,000 or more. Claims are "repeated or recurring," within the meaning of §164.051(a)(8) of the Act, if there are three or more claims in any five-year period. The date of the claim shall be the date the licensee or licensee's medical liability insurer is first notified of the claim, as reported to the board pursuant to §160.052 of the Act or otherwise.

  (6) Discipline based on Criminal Conviction. The board is authorized by the following separate statutes to take disciplinary action against a licensee based on a criminal conviction:

    (A) Felonies.

      (i) Section 164.051(a)(2)(B) of the Medical Practice Act, §204.303(a)(2) of the Physician Assistant Act, and §203.351(a)(7) of the Acupuncture Act, (collectively, the "Licensing Acts") authorize the board to take disciplinary action based on a conviction, deferred adjudication, community supervision, or deferred disposition for any felony.

      (ii) Chapter 53, Texas Occupations Code authorizes the board to revoke or suspend a license on the grounds that a person has been convicted of a felony that directly relates to the duties and responsibilities of the licensed occupation.

      (iii) Because the provisions of the Licensing Acts may be based on either conviction or a form of deferred adjudication, the board determines that the requirements of the Act are stricter than the requirements of Chapter 53 and, therefore, the board is not required to comply with Chapter 53, pursuant to §153.0045 of the Act.

      (iv) Upon the initial conviction for any felony, the board shall suspend a physician's license, in accordance with §164.057(a)(1)(A), of the Act.

      (v) Upon final conviction for any felony, the board shall revoke a physician's license, in accordance with §164.057(b) of the Act.

    (B) Misdemeanors.

Cont'd...

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