<<Prev Rule

Texas Administrative Code

Next Rule>>
TITLE 22EXAMINING BOARDS
PART 22TEXAS STATE BOARD OF PUBLIC ACCOUNTANCY
CHAPTER 501RULES OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT
SUBCHAPTER AGENERAL PROVISIONS
RULE §501.52Definitions

The following words and terms, when used in title 22, part 22 of the Texas Administrative Code relating to the Texas State Board of Public Accountancy, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. The masculine shall be construed to include the feminine or neuter and vice versa, and the singular shall be construed to include the plural and vice versa.

  (1) "Act" means the Public Accountancy Act, Chapter 901, Occupations Code;

  (2) "Advertisement" means a message which is transmitted to persons by, or at the direction of, a person and which has reference to the availability of the person to perform Professional Accounting Services;

  (3) "Affiliated entity" means an entity controlling or being controlled by or under common control with another entity, directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries;

  (4) "Attest Service" means:

    (A) an audit or other engagement required by the board to be performed in accordance with the auditing standards adopted by the AICPA, PCAOB, or another national or international accountancy organization recognized by the board;

    (B) a review, compilation or other engagement required by the board to be performed in accordance with standards for accounting and review services adopted by the AICPA or another national or international accountancy organization recognized by the board;

    (C) an engagement required by the board to be performed in accordance with standards for attestation engagements adopted by the AICPA or another national or international accountancy organization recognized by the board; or

    (D) any other assurance service required by the board to be performed in accordance with professional standards adopted by the AICPA or another national or international accountancy organization recognized by the board;

  (5) "Board" means the Texas State Board of Public Accountancy;

  (6) "Charitable Organization" means an organization which has been granted tax-exempt status under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, §501(c), as amended;

  (7) "Client" means a party who enters into an agreement with a license holder or a license holder's employer to receive a professional accounting service or professional accounting work;

  (8) "Client Practice of Public Accountancy" is the offer to perform or the performance by a person for a client or a potential client of professional accounting services or professional accounting work, and also includes:

    (A) the advice or recommendations in connection with the sale or offer for sale of products (including the design and implementation of computer software), when the advice or recommendations routinely require or imply the possession of accounting or auditing skills or expert knowledge in auditing or accounting; and

    (B) the performance of litigation support services;

  (9) "Commission" means compensation for recommending or referring any product or service to be supplied by another party;

  (10) "Contingent fee" means a fee for any service where no fee will be charged unless a specified finding or result is attained, or in which the amount of the fee is otherwise dependent upon the finding or result of such service. However, a person's non-Contingent fees may vary depending, for example, on the complexity of the services rendered. Fees are not contingent if they are fixed by courts or governmental entities acting in a judicial or regulatory capacity, or in tax matters if determined based on the results of judicial proceedings or the findings of governmental agencies acting in a judicial or regulatory capacity, or if there is a reasonable expectation of substantive review by a taxing authority;

  (11) "Financial Statements" means a presentation of financial data, including accompanying notes, derived from accounting records and intended to communicate an entity's economic resources or obligations at a point in time, or the changes therein for a period of time, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles or other comprehensive basis of accounting. Incidental financial data to support recommendations to a client or in documents for which the reporting is governed by Statements or Standards for Attestation Engagements and tax returns and supporting schedules do not constitute financial statements for the purposes of this definition;

  (12) "Firm" means a sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company, corporation or other legally recognized business entity engaged in the practice of public accountancy;

  (13) "Good standing" means compliance by a licensee with the board's licensing rules, including the mandatory continuing education requirements and payment of the annual license fee, and any penalties and other costs attached thereto. In the case of board-imposed disciplinary or administrative sanctions, the person must be in compliance with all the provisions of the board order to be considered in good standing;

  (14) "Licensee" means the holder of a license issued by the board to a person pursuant to the Act, or pursuant to provisions of a prior Act;

  (15) "Out of state practitioner and out of state firm" means a person licensed in another jurisdiction practicing in Texas pursuant to a practice privilege as provided for in §901.461 and §901.462 of the Act;

  (16) "Peer review", "Quality Review" or "Compliance Assurance" means the study, appraisal, or review of the professional accounting work of a public accountancy firm that performs attest services by a certificate holder who is not affiliated with the firm;

  (17) "Person" means an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company, corporation or other legally recognized business entity that provides or offers to provide professional accounting services or professional accounting work as defined in paragraph (21) of this section;

  (18) "Principal office" means the location specified by the client as the address to which a service described in §517.1(a)(2) is directed and is synonymous with Home Office where it appears in the Act;

  (19) "Practice unit" means an office of a firm required to be licensed with the board for the purpose of the client practice of public accountancy;

  (20) "Practice privilege" means the privilege for an out-of-state person to provide certain Professional Accounting Services or Professional Accounting Work in Texas to the extent permitted under Chapter 517 of the board rules;

  (21) "Professional Accounting Services" or "professional accounting work" means services or work that requires the specialized knowledge or skills associated with certified public accountants, including:

    (A) issuing reports on financial statement(s);

    (B) providing management or financial advisory or consulting services;

    (C) preparing tax returns;

    (D) providing advice in tax matters;

    (E) providing forensic accounting services; and

    (F) providing internal auditing services.

  (22) "Report" means an opinion, report, or other document, prepared in connection with an attest service that states or implies assurance as to the reliability of financial statement(s); and includes or is accompanied by a statement or implication that the person issuing the opinion, report, or other document has special knowledge or competence in accounting or auditing. A statement or implication of assurance as to the reliability of a financial statement or as to the special knowledge or competence of the person issuing the opinion, report, or other document includes any form of language that is conventionally understood to constitute such a statement or implication. A statement or implication of special knowledge or competence in accounting or auditing may arise from the use by the issuer of the opinion, report, or other document of a name or title indicating that the person is an accountant or auditor; or the language of the opinion, report, or other document itself.

  (23) Interpretive Comment: The practice of public accountancy is defined in §901.003 of the Act (relating to the Practice of Public Accountancy).


Source Note: The provisions of this §501.52 adopted to be effective June 11, 2000, 25 TexReg 5334; amended to be effective December 6, 2001, 26 TexReg 9857; amended to be effective February 4, 2004, 29 TexReg 963; amended to be effective June 9, 2004, 29 TexReg 5625; amended to be effective October 11, 2007, 32 TexReg 7059; amended to be effective February 17, 2008, 33 TexReg 1090; amended to be effective June 11, 2008, 33 TexReg 4502

Next Page Previous Page



Home TxReg TAC OM NewTac Public Footer Bar