|(a) Introduction. (1) Students enrolled in Independent Study in English will focus on a specialized area of study such as the work of a particular author or genre. Students will read and write in multiple forms for a variety of audiences and purposes. High school students are expected to plan, draft, and complete written compositions on a regular basis and carefully examine their papers for clarity, engaging language, and the correct use of the conventions and mechanics of written English. (2) If this course is being used to satisfy requirements for the Distinguished Achievement Program, a student research/product must be presented before a panel of professionals or approved by the student's mentor. (3) For high school students whose first language is not English, the students' native language serves as a foundation for English language acquisition and language learning. (4) Statements that contain the word "including" reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase "such as" are intended as possible illustrative examples. (5) The essential knowledge and skills as well as the student expectations for Independent Study in English are described in subsection (b) of this section. (b) Knowledge and skills. (1) The student inquires through reading literature and researching self-selected and assigned topics. The student is expected to: (A) read widely for further study; (B) generate relevant, interesting, and researchable questions with instructor guidance and approval; and (C) draw relevant questions for further study from the research findings or conclusions. (2) The student uses writing as a tool for learning and research. The student produces visual representations that communicate with others. The student is expected to: (A) produce research projects and reports in multiple forms for a variety of audiences from primary and secondary sources using available technology; (B) conduct a research project(s), producing an original work in print or another medium with a demonstration of advanced skill; (C) use writing to organize and support what is known and needs to be learned about a topic, including discovering, recording, reviewing, and learning; (D) compile written ideas and representations; interpret information into reports, summaries, or other formats; and draw conclusions; and (E) use writing as a tool such as to reflect, explore, or problem solve.